The first and most important step when starting a skincare regimen is to find out your skin type. This helps you choose the right products to use so that your skin benefits most, in the shortest possible time. Most cosmetics, cleansers, toners, facial masks and other products have the skin type they are best suited for mentioned prominently on the packaging. When shopping for products, make sure to pay special attention to this information.
Caring for Normal Skin
Normal skin is the easiest to care for. The best products to use for this skin type are those that support normal skin functions. Of course, even normal skin does break out at rare times or develops rashes or skin blemishes when exposed to certain products. But this skin type usually bounces back to its normal healthy glow with some help from you with the right skincare products.
Caring for Dry Skin
Dry skin requires extra special care, especially during the winter months. Regular and effective cleansing is very important for dry skin since clogged pores further reduce the available sebum. Use mild cleansing milk to ensure that the dryness is not worsened by the cleansing process. Avoid washing your face too many times as it strips the skin of essential oils and moisture. Cleansing once before applying makeup and once at night is sufficient. Cleansers that have good moisture retention are good choices for dry skin. Avoid alcohol-based toners that dry out your skin. Use a toner with honey or mint instead
Caring for Oily Skin
Oily skin has a natural barrier against moisture loss which is why you can avoid rich moisturizers for this skin type. However, some oily skin types may be prone to dryness in the winter months. Then moisturizing is necessary. Proper cleansing is a very important part of your oily skincare regimen as to prevent acne. Cleansing clears your pores and ensures that there is no debris clogging them leading to blackheads, infections and other common oily skin problems. Use oil control cleansers (e.g.: with activated charcoal) or those containing salicylic acid and avoid those containing sulfates
Caring for Combination Skin
For those with combination skin, choosing products that suit both the dry parts and the greasy parts is a difficult task. Sometimes, it may be better to simply use two different products for either. However, most people can care effectively for this skin type by choosing their skincare products from a range that is specially designed for combination skin.
When it comes to dealing with specific skin problems, it is relatively easy to use the product, say, an acne treatment gel, only on the affected or problem-prone areas. For instance, you could use the acne cream over your T-zone and use a moisturizer around the eyes and over your cheeks where the skin is dry and flaky.
Caring for Sensitive Skin
This skin type is perhaps the most challenging one to care for mainly because it is very prone to irritation at the slightest provocation. A good first step in sensitive skincare is to only use products that are labeled fragrance-free or perfume free. Fragrances can cause skin reactions; in fact, they may be the cause of more skin reactions than any other ingredients in your skincare product.